We support adoptees, both minors and adults, via different services such as Internet and phone counselling, group counselling, psychological counselling and mentoring. The main reasons why people turn to us are: child’s adaption difficulties, misbehaviour, low self-awareness and self-esteem, wish to find the biological family and relationship status with the biological family. You can get information on the family of origin from the local government social and health department clerks.
You can find the relevant materials here.
Adoption should take place considering child’s interests
As a result of adoption, the new parents receive the same rights and duties as the biological parents. Only these children are up for adoption whose parents have given a permission to adopt their child, whose parents are dead or whose parents’ rights to raise a child are unconditionally taken away.
It is allowed to adopt in case the child’s interests are taken under consideration and there is evidence to believe that a child-parent relationship will be developed. Adoption is not allowed if there is a clash of interests between adopter’s children and the adoptee or if there are any indications that adopters biological children may harm the adoptee’s interests. If possible, the adoption should take place without separating brothers and sisters. Only a minor can be adopted and up to a 10 year old only with his/her permission on a condition that his/her mental age allows it. The adoptee will give a permission to an adopter whose identity is known to him/her.
Adoptee has a right to know about his/her background
An adopted minor (with adopter’s permission) or an adult adoptee has a right to get information on the fact that he/she is adopted. Furthermore, an adopted minor (with adopter’s permission) or an adult adoptee has a right to get information on their biological parents, grandparents, brothers and sisters if the named people have given their permission to share this particular information. Previously described information is available in local governments’ databases.
If the permission is not given, the local government has to give information about previously named family members in amount and in a way that the identity of these people, who have not given their permission, will not be disclosed.
During years 1970-1995 it was allowed to change adoptee’s birth date up to 3 months
According to Soviet Estonia marital and family law § 124 lg 4, during 1970-1995 adopters were exceptionally allowed to change adoptees’s birth date up to 3 months in order to keep the adoption secret. There is no evidence on the number of occasions but it is known that there were several cases.
According to Marital status law § 12, Vital Statistics Department can correct spelling errors and other inaccuracy in their data so that it does not change its content or in case an error has been found in the core document. A birth date given to child during the years when Soviet Estonia marital and family codex was valid cannot according to Marital status law § 12 lg be taken as a spelling error, inaccuracy or any other mistake in the core document because the applicant was given a new birth date according to previously valid legal regulation. Therefore, the birth date cannot be changed since at the moment, there is no relevant legal cause to do that.
Invalidation of adoption
Court can invalidate adoption if it has been decided without adopters application or without the permission of one or more biological parent. Application or agreement is invalid if: